No flash message
Some of the content and features delivered by this site requires JavaScript to be enabled in your browser
Monday 19 August
My.Anglia > Rido > Research > Open Access

Open Access

About Open Access

What is Open Access?

Open Access (OA) is essentially about making research freely accessible to users, who may read, reuse and redistribute that research, usually without restriction, so long as the original author(s) are properly acknowledged and cited. This marks a sea change from the traditional publishing model in which the readers/users pay to access that research. OA publication of research findings is now routinely required by research funders, and governments and others also are encouraging the transition to OA publication.

Green, Gold and 'Platinum' OA models

Green open access means research outputs being made freely available in an institutional repository and/or a subject repository. Subject to copyright permissions, any publication type can usually be deposited in an institutional repository. Very often green open access operates in parallel with a traditional publication route. Authors will publish their output in an academic journal, for example, which users can access through a subscription or other payment charges. Authors will normally have the right, usually after the expiry of an embargo period, to make their final author’s version of their output available in a repository.

Anglia Ruskin Research Online (ARRO) is our institutional repository, open to all researchers based at Anglia Ruskin. Full-text outputs deposited within it are available on an open-access basis. For more information and to deposit in ARRO, click here.

Gold open access essentially involves the payment of a fee – known as the article processing charge (APC) – for the publisher to make research outputs freely available on their website. Usually, this applies to journal articles, conference proceedings and book chapters, but there is no reason why this could not, in the longer run, be extended to other forms of output such as monographs. Gold open access can operate within a traditional publication system. For example, a journal might include freely available open-access articles alongside traditionally-published outputs which are only available to paying subscribers. This ‘hybrid’ model is increasingly prevalent. Alternatively, if the journal is fully open access, APCs will have been paid on all articles. As open access has been paid for, authors can deposit the final published copy of the output in their institutional repository as well (which is essential to meet REF requirements)..

'Platinum' open access - the terminology is disputed - is a variant of 'gold' open access in which individual authors or their institutions or funders are not charged an APC to publish. Clearly, as a cost is still entailed, financial support must come from somewhere, but this is typically achieved through charitable donations, membership subscriptions and other fundraising initiatives, with no direct relationship to publishing decisions. Anglia Ruskin has recently committed to formally supporting the Open Library of the Humanities, which operates on this basis.

The Anglia Ruskin Policy on Open Access Publication of Research

Anglia Ruskin University supports open access publication of research, regarding it as being an essential to ensure the greatest levels of transparency and accountability for research, and to allow the highest standards of research integrity to be maintained.

We expect our academic and research staff to make every effort to maximise the outcomes and outputs of their research freely and openly available. Research outputs, of any type, whether singly or jointly authored, which are derived from employment or study at our University, from external research grants held by our University or internal support provided by our University, including through the provision of University resources and facilities, should normally be deposited in ARRO. In line with expectations of the next REF, where such outputs are journal articles or conference contributions carrying an ISSN, these should be deposited as soon as possible after acceptance and not more than three months after this date.

We have quite deliberately not established an institutional preference towards ‘green’ or ‘gold’ routes to OA; this may be a product of the academic decision about where to publish. If however the researcher has a choice between green and gold OA, they are asked to consider the cost benefit of paying to publish, set against the possibility of the output becoming available freely, via a repository, at the expiry of any embargo period. Such considerations might include, inter alia, the nature of the research being reported, the potential audience for it, the cost of paying for open access and the duration of any applicable embargo.

Click here for the full Anglia Ruskin Policy on Open Access Publication of Research

The Anglia Ruskin Open Access Fund

The Deputy Vice Chancellor (Research and Innovation) has established a £70,000 annual fund to support ‘gold’ open access publishing costs. Subject to the caveats below, including any additional refinements introduced as we gain experience with the scheme, this funding is available on a first-come-first-served basis. For more information, see the Anglia Ruskin Policy on Open Access Publication of Research.

The Anglia Ruskin Open Access Fund is primarily intended for the publication of research outputs for which no other funding support is available. Colleagues whose research was supported by research grant funding are expected to seek support for open access publication costs from their grant funder in the first instance, as well as to ensure that publication charges are accounted for, where possible, in research grant applications. Colleagues working collaboratively across different institutions are expected to ensure that APCs are also supported collaboratively. Please note that other costs related to publication, which would be levied regardless whether open access publication is chosen (e.g. colour charges) are not covered by the Open Access Fund and separate arrangements will be needed to be made to cover these.

The Anglia Ruskin Open Access Fund is available to all Anglia Ruskin academic staff eligible for submission to the REF. Please note however that in order to meet the Open Access requirements for the next REF, it is essential in addition to submit your output to ARRO within three months of the date of acceptance, even if it is published on an immediate open access basis.

How to apply

To apply for support, please complete and submit an application form along with a copy of your proposed output. You can also download a flowchart summarising the application and decision process.

You should submit for support only once you are ready to submit your work to a publisher, not in significantly advance of this point or after the publisher has accepted your proposed output. If a paper you have submitted is transferred to an OA-only journal, you should apply as soon as possible after this transfer is made.

We aim to make a decision on your application as quickly as possible.

If you have any questions or queries not covered by the rubric in the application form, please look at the Frequently Asked Questions or email Specific information about different publishers' approaches and processes including institutional membership schemes Anglia Ruskin has joined is available here - this is updated as we gain knowledge and experience.