**CASE B: Using critical values for the Χ ^{2} statistic**

First, use the Critical Significance Level (α: *alpha*) chosen in Step 2 and degrees of freedom (*df*) calculated in Step 3 (*df* = one less than the number of samples) to find the Critical Value of Χ^{2} (Χ^{2}_{critical}) using a Critical Value Table such as the one below e.g., if α: = 0.05 and *df* = 2, then Χ^{2}_{critical} = 5.991.

Second, compare Χ^{2}_{critical} with the value for the H statistic calculated in Step 3.

**Reject your Null Hypothesis** if your calculated value is greater than or equal to the critical value; H ≥ Χ^{2}_{critical} (significant result).

**Accept your Null Hypothesis** if your calculated value is less than the critical value; H < Χ^{2}_{critical} (non-significant result).

E.g., if H= 9.260 and Χ^{2}_{critical} = 5.991 then reject the Null Hypothesis.

degrees of freedom | α = 0.9 | α = 0.5 | α = 0.1 | α = 0.05 | α = 0.01 |
---|---|---|---|---|---|

1 | 0.016 | 0.455 | 2.706 | 3.841 | 6.635 |

2 | 0.211 | 1.386 | 4.605 | 5.991 | 9.210 |

3 | 0.584 | 2.366 | 6.251 | 7.815 | 11.345 |

4 | 1.064 | 3.357 | 7.779 | 9.488 | 13.277 |

5 | 1.610 | 4.351 | 9.263 | 11.070 | 15.086 |

6 | 2.204 | 5.348 | 10.645 | 12.592 | 16.812 |

7 | 2.833 | 6.346 | 12.017 | 14.067 | 18.475 |

8 | 3.490 | 7.344 | 13.362 | 15.507 | 20.090 |